Sunday, August 7, 2011
Talk about how there were the beginnings of progressive rock leads me inevitably to remember how were the beginnings of rock music in general, is that it was precisely from the time that the musical revolution in which we will immerse got its start. But you can talk about the beginnings of rock music without remembering how it was: rhythm & blues (Rhythm & Blues, R & B) under the conceptualization of artists like John L. Hooker and Muddy Waters in 1948, or Ray Charles and BB KING in 1949. From that moment began to emerge in an endless scene of artists who, infected by a dance beat, catchy, easy to assimilate and rebel, would the world upside down and under the new definition, rocanrrol (Rock & Roll). Names that revolutionized this new genre abound, but not lose sight of our main objective: find the source of progressive rock and we do not deviate then, a lot of twists and turns in mysterious ways.Rock & roll is emotive, and above all a means of rebellion, far from a cultural background or serious methodical.Another important place to mention before the start of progressive rock itself, is the experimentation that comes from far behind, with musicians like John Cage and Karlheinz Stockhausen. CAGE was not exactly a great musician, but his revolutionary ideas were a seminal influence on art and contemporary music . and Stockhausen, he had a major influence in defining the experimental trends in the world of classical music, or concert. He was one of the first composers to write works of electronic music, back in 1952! Our musical genre started in many ways and in many different places at once, when a number of artists came up with, each on their own, that rock music was not enough to be regarding as an interpretation of a youth angry rebel and had to give this music, and a cultural sense, intelligent, even philosophical. Although much innovation in this regard, there is irrefutable records who were the first to find such differentiation. They were PINK FLOYD. Controversy . Certainly there are clear records of what could be the first album of progressive rock, but it is our goal. If it were, my nomination would not go behind the use of symphonic elements to record with a rock band (as was done with Elvis), or by recording a great job of handling tapes in a studio recording , but THE NICE with her album "Autumn to Spring", better known as "The Thoughts Of Emerlist Davjack" of 1967, the first concept known that even within the line R & B, included variations on Bach and Brubeck element that makes the progressive part and define it in the next issue. What is sought here is to find the guilty, certainly in the best sense of the word, to start a movement, and here I want to emphasize, to start, not be the first to be something concrete. That will also discuss later.And the beginnings of progressive rock are embodied in a revolutionary way to make rock music. Of turning the blade. If original originality. Pink Floyd recorded, first recorded in 1966, 'Interstellar Overdrive' (16 minutes and 46 seconds) and "Nick's Boogie '(11 minutes 50 seconds), which" are the first known recording of this group were recorded especially for the film "Tonite Let's All Make Love In London" before signing with EMI and subsequently build a world-wide acclaim. These recordings show how progressive and inventive were ". The first recordings on the EMI label began in 1967 when many other bands started with experimentation that would also define as part of our musical genre.The Progressive Rock is middle-class youth product (certain amenities) for the most educated in good schools, culture, resources and time for experimentation. These young people knew about music (ie, its technical and intellectual side) and had clear ideas regarding the implementation of its instruments, composition and arrangements. This technical skill training joins a broad humanistic culture which knew how to appreciate literature, painting or theater. These talented young people receive and combine this influence with a taste for music, experimenting with the aim of bringing the rock beyond its borders, applying all the cultural baggage with contributions from other disciplines. Rock appears as an expression of artistic excellence, a kind of rock worship, rock is done by people of higher education. The result of all this are works that did not neglect any aspect (composition, playing technique, graphics, concepts, literature) and thus gave the rock a remarkable baroque style and refinement.PINK FLOYD was never into the idea to make commercial music. They followed their instincts, making music under a process of experimentation, culminating in the use of hypnotic sounds of the Gentiles ". Experimentation.So, until proven otherwise, the progressive rock had its beginnings in 1966 with Pink Floyd, who planted an embryo that later born as a specific genre, in many different ways and in many different countries. And although today there is much controversy over the question of whether progressive or Pink Floyd are not personally agree with the fact that they were the first to achieve experimentation that would be born later, in particular, to progressive rock. Closer to the genre began to emerge and re set from 1967 until it was to clearly identify the genre in 1969, groups like THE MOODY BLUES, THE NICE, THE INCREDIBLE STRING BAND, Frank Zappa, Procol Harum, Soft Machine TRAFFIC, BARCLAY JAMES HARVEST, CAN, GENESIS, JETHRO TULL, THE CHURCHILL'S, Mike Oldfield, SPIRIT, Van Der Graaf Generator, Amon Duul II, KING CRIMSON, LE ORME, ritual, TANGERINE DREAM, KALEIDOSCOPE, MAGNA CARTA, EMERSON LAKE & PALMER, RENAISSANCE and YES.The hippie influence: the mystical subject winning start to rise and permeate the music.Since 1970, the progressive rock style was already easy to identify with specific qualities and characteristics that were evident although in the above groups, were not defined completely before this year. Before develops "Early Prog (progressive early)." Within this stage there were great groups, especially English, which made a very interesting kind of music and mixing elements of psychedelia and folk. FANTASY case, Mellow Candle, Spring and others. This stage could be located from 1967 to 1971 and is also a stylish, some treat it as proto-progressive, is best defined as progressive or prog early early.In the same way as in the previous topic, here too there are several definitions and is very difficult to agree on a general. If you visit our Interviews section you can read the definition of the artists who have chatted with us and see how everyone forms their own. However, trying to be as specific as possible, I will start from the mine, caused clear, an assessment based entirely on my personal experience:Progressive rock is a rock music more elaborate commercial rock music, in that far from sticking to keep a pulse invariably, a predictable structure, progress and mix well has three main elements: I. the construction of concert music (known as classical), II. freedom and instrumentation of jazz and III. experimenting with electronic music.By definition, rock music is all the musical styles of rock and roll from the fifties. Rock and roll is a musical style created in the fifties and derived from jazz, blues and rhytm black and various folk elements, which gives priority to the rhythm in relation to melodic improvisation. Being progressive means that you progress, which promotes musical progress, going forward, as a gradual change of music tend to improve during the course of the work. This progress can be given in a cut, a song or an entire album.I. The construction of concert music refers to the use of elements such as the score. The works are composed, planned, thought out. It refers to the works have movements, different musical intentions for the work. II. Freedom and instrumentation of jazz is concerned, in freedom, that despite having made a composition, the musicians have their moments to stand out. To make your own. And in instrumentation, there is not a main tone in the work. No sticks or highlight a specific sound, as, for example, the voice in popular music, or a rough guitar in heavy metal. Even on drums, musician tends to use brushes instead of sticks to their sound is less dense, less hard. III. The experimental electronic music refers to using elements such as psychedelic as the sound effects by manipulating tapes under study, but above all, the use of Hammond organ, Moog synthesizer and the Mellotron as a signature sound for the Progressive Rock . Thus we can define progressive rock in general. This was the first sound and recognizable in this genre, after groups like BEGGARS OPERA GREATEST SHOW ON EARTH, NATIONAL HEALTH and QUIET SUN, but not all end there. Since 1970 the group found that this new sound has much in front and each artist, each band seeks to define a more original, more appropriate, and subgenres emerging.Major subgenresWell, that is taking shape and after studying the beginnings of progressive rock and to have found a general definition for this complicated issue, and we get into the less complicated, not less complex, development of the description of the subgenera. It started with the description of the sounds that were defined as characteristics and instrumental sound so clear and not too complicated to understand. Will be noted that the major progressive rock subgenres originated in Great Britain between 1970 and 1971, and the spread of these to the rest of the world was like a big boom of contemporary rock.But we must start with the simplest: what is the Progressive Rock, removing their construction musical freedom and experimentation. So we go from the progressive rock is a rock music more elaborate commercial rock music, in that far from sticking to keep a pulse invariably predictable structure, is progress. Besides a natural Progressive Rock, there are the following main sub-genres:i. Progressive Classic.ii. Symphonic Progressive.iii. Progressive Fusion.iv. Progressive Electronic.v. Progressive MetalProgressive Classic.Identified primarily with groups like Emerson, Lake & Palmer, NICE and RENAISSANCE, is characterized by including a construction of concert music in their sound. Variations on composers like Bach and Brubeck, to name two. There are very few, or no, buildings jazz. This is one of the more accessible genres of progressive, and usually they sound pompous, bombastic. One of his most frequent general is the formation of the group of three individuals, which can also refer to these as "power trio".A large group in this line that formed during the same period but outside Britain unattainable to be influenced by anyone in the then Czechoslovakia, is Collegium MusicumSymphonic Progressive.It's more like sub-genre of progressive worldwide. It is characterized by the abundant use of synthesizers envelopes. The bands that started this sound are GENESIS and YES, who gave another primary characteristic: vocal melody, well sung, able to offer a wide range of emotions in song. The main element in its construction is also concert music, but now as played by a symphony orchestra. Works by these artists are also built in movements and intricate works are usually complex. But we must pay special attention to this subgenre, not used as symphonic element, means that it is progressive rock. Artists like YANNI use this technique in a purely commercial spectrum, without a distinctive sound of progressive rock.After a creative stagnation in the 80s ruled by the new wave, turned glorious symphonic progressive from the early '90s, from Scandinavian countries (Anekdoten, FLOWER KINGS, LINDH PROJECT PAR) Eastern Europe ( EAST, QUIDAM) and surprisingly, from Brazil (LEHMEJUM, Sacred Heart DA TERRA).Progressive Fusion.It has the same features as the classic progressive, but gives greater importance to the jazz sound. Among the groups that initiated the sound are COLOSSEUM and GONG, who initially included an ambient blues compositions.Progressive Electronic.Like all major subgenre of Progressive Rock, maintains the same general construction but scans to make any composition with predominance of electronic instruments, mostly synthesizers and drum machines, which gives an atmospheric environment. Unlike other sub-genres, the beginnings of it are located mainly in Germany, with bands like Popol Vuh and Tangerine DreamMike Oldfield is an English musician of progressive electronic at the same time defined a unique sound, influenced later artists worldwide.Progressive Metal.Usually very similar to the progressive symphonic by the complexity of its construction and surround their atmospheres, but inclined to sound hard, almost heavy metal, where the predominant sound of the guitar. The beginnings of this subgenre are almost uncertain, because many heavy metal bands of the era included intricate structures in his music. Though this subgenre is identified more clearly from the late '80s, URIAH HEEP think it was who defined the style in 1970.A band that redefined the subgenus is certainly DREAM Teather. After them, a lot of groups are influenced by the "new" sound, causing one of the major spills since 1990Also be taken into account that the show is not at odds with the progressive. In fact it can be one of its foundations. The spectacular scenery that popularized Roger and Martyn Dean YES for concerts in the '70s, or the spectacular scenery of Pink Floyd in the '90s, or the ability to act by gang members, also gives a character unique to this musical style. And although not all groups use this resource in their live performances, when they do create a grand atmosphere, spectacular.Another feature that usually accompanies the progressive rock is the art albums chart, a clear reflection of the musical in a group. It is well nice to hear an album while viewing the forms, and relates to what you hear with what you see.Finally, we must not lose sight of the lyrics. It is usual that the lyrics are intelligent, real poems or literary themes. Almost never have silly themes or innocent, or reflection of a mob mentality.Gradually we move forward and it seems that complications advance alongside the development. Not take it so seriously. Recall that Progressive Rock is just a musical genre and its derivatives should be used only to identify what is driving the media. Here we deal with the tangible, but there is always what everyone perceives and therefore may be intangible for others. The most important thing is always to enjoy a well-made rock music, and labels that serve only as reference but not as a rule have to be followed to the letter.Of the most characteristic genres of Progressive Rock derive peculiar ornaments others give a broader spectrum of our music. These sounds from those discussed below, but first remember that there may be many more, but we want to focus on the most traditional, the best known. The complications for those who want to do a PhD.vi. Environmental or Atmospheric Progressive.vii. Progressive or Cosmic Space.viii. Progressive Progressive Folk or Folk.ix. Neo Progressive Classic.x. Neo ProgressiveEnvironmental or Atmospheric Progressive.Progressive Electronic derivative, it is easy to get confused with the New Age but not sound so simple, so constant. This subgenre has started in the early minimalist electronic music but not necessarily progressive electronic sounds. Their sound is of a simple in its construction but retains the characteristic elements of progressive rock. Among the most characteristic exponents of this line are Brian Eno and GANDALF.A line close to this style for their aesthetic needs can be seen in spaces dedicated to spreading progressive rock is rock minimalist minimalist or progressive, or minimalist music (I think I catch the idea) by artists such as Wim MERTENS and Jean Phillipe GOUDAProgressive or Cosmic Space.Electronic Progressive also derived primarily, but with strong elements of rock by the firmness with which they usually play their music. Among the most characteristic of this subgenus are certainly Ozric Tentacles and Hawkwind, standing by sound effects that stand in the space synthesizers and usually very rhythmic.This subgenre also has a close musical line, which experts define as Cosmic Progressive Fusion. I guess we can deduce what it sounds like.Progressive Progressive Folk or Folk.It's a good kind subgenre. What is at issue here is to take the folk roots of different lares and create new arrangements for them. The artists who do this do not always folk songs of their country of origin, but left spread influences of different sites. Among the most prominent bands are Malicorne for this sound and even Jethro Tull.We must not forget that folk music was one of the elements that helped define rock in general. Folk music has its own interesting progressions, so it usually can be interesting even without the rock sound Neo Progressive Classic.This subgenus is derived from the classic progressive, displaying more complex melodic compositions, on the influence of contemporary composers of the twentieth century primarily as Bela Bartok and Sergey Prokofiev, more dissonant arrangements KING CRIMSON type. Another notable difference from the Progressive Classic, is that music is more of a chamber music. Among the most outstanding characteristic here and UNIVERS ZERO Zoyd ART.To complicate matters further, in the 2000s began to emerge that are defined as groups Neo Classical Progressive Metal. An example? ADAGIO.Neo Progressive.Derived from the symphonic progressive, artists thrive in this style found a successful formula. Their sound is almost as complex as that of their predecessors, but go to commercial break format. Here are three main monsters: MARILLION, PENDRAGON and IQ, and being a successful subgenre, countless groups around the world adapt to this increasingly popular style.A band that was ahead on this line but little is known, is the German group NEUSCHWANSTEIN, which could well be considered as a group of neo progressive early.All indications so far it's going to go well (I have not received major complaints to the contrary). So far we have described the specific characteristics of the main genres of progressive rock and derivatives, and we have the time to describe the specific characteristics of the specific subgenre of the musical line, time in which many people who like this kind might well conclude their studies, because after this time, the movements are not specifically related and progressive rock.It will not be difficult to detect at this stage, the specific sub-genres are the result of geographic locations that determined the uniqueness in each of the sounds that we describe, so you will not be difficult in some near future, perhaps, more specific subgenres originated, if some country artists in particular, a specific style and therefore cause a new factor in this line style musical. Mexico has already tried with the likes of Luis Perez, Jorge Reyes and Antonio ZEPEDA TRIBE, but I must clarify that only ethnic progressive rock sound, these artists created music Hispanic supported in electronics, why are not can be considered specifically as Progressive Rock, although within the spaces dedicated to spreading the genre.xi. Canterbury.xii. Krautrock.xiii. Progressive Rock Andaluz, or Andalucia.xiv. Progressive French.xv. Progressive ItalianoCanterbury.This sub-genre known as Canterbury, because it was in the English city of west London where he was conceived, offering a particular feature of the progressive classic sound very English. Defined the genre bands like Caravan and Soft Machine, and it is for many a sub-genre nonsense, preferring to define it then just in the classical or symphonic progressive. Something very particular of this subgenre is that their sound is strongly related to a progressive early, being for many the earliest expression of this genre.NATIONAL HEALTH formed in Canterbury and their sound is progressive by definition natural. "By the book", says MartinKrautrock.Subgenus created in Germany, krautrock means "the rock of the cabbage," and gave that ugly name to identify a typically German sound. Among the most important bands is this line are Annexus QUAM and CAN, and is a musical style with wide variations in each of the bands hang this label.Krautrock maintains a line very close to the progressive electronic or space clear that the persistent use of keyboards similar, although in this case are growing, progressing to create a constant atmosphereProgressive Rock Andaluz, or Andalucia.Similar to the classic progressive or symphonic progressive, this subgenre gives the sound a Andalusi essence, mainly caused by a flamenco guitar and / or vocalization arabigoandaluz. The group responsible for creating this sound is TRIANA under the leadership of Jesus De La Rosa, conceived as a net national product, aimed at developing a "purely Spanish music" There were special groups that were defined in this line and although new trends are tilting toward business horizons, there are still groups that retain the unique sound of the progress made in SpainProgressive French.Also very similar to the classic progressive symphonic or progressive, but with the great feature of the theatricality of the vocalist. This style was defined by bands like ANGE and MONA LISA, and the bands that are inclined to this style are often criticized for too much like what Peter Gabriel conceptualized with its genesis in the '70s.Controversy: Maybe the French would be progressive neo progressive, and not for its international scope / commercial and the vowels usually in English, because both subgenera suffer from the same structuresProgressive Italiano.Again, similar to the classic progressive symphonic or progressive, but with two significant features stand out: a raspy vocals that narrates and sings, and a musical sense with the romance of the Mediterranean. Among the most notable bands (and survived) are Banco del Mutuo Soccorso, Le Orme, Bronze and DI Ballet Premiata Forneria Marconi.Defining characteristic is not, but something that seems natural among Italian bands of the '70s, is to have achieved an excellent album and then disappear.In addition to what we've seen so far, there are sounds that could well be defined in a specific subgenre. Spaces are considering a Dutch progressive, one European, industrial and who knows how many, but not identified Manticornio very concrete base (or do not know enough) and the subgenera described so far, but musical characteristics which likewise can be expressed by artists in particular.Also, do not let the mention artists like Mike Oldfield, Gentle Giant, Frank Zappa or Loreena McKennitt, who create a sound all their own, have been the influence for many more.In the five previous issues, we define a concrete way how the beginnings of progressive rock (seen from a general horizon), and although I must admit that I'm not giving too much importance to things like early progressive, psychedelic as I my colleagues have suggested, I hope that these gaps are filled in the general summary of the agenda will surely be the most consulted once we conclude this.In this subject subgenera are related to progressive rock as it could be some other kind of rock music. But because of their musical constructions, which progresses, these sub-genres that I will describe, are considered in most sites specializing in progressive rock. It is therefore of styles that can be far from at hand, recommended only for people who are willing to go a little beyond what has been characteristic of our favorite music.Due to the enormous possibilities offered in the composition and its musical structure, progressive rock has specialized since its beginnings to the present in major subgenres, and specific products, while preserving its essential characteristics. The 15 most important sub-genres: Progressive Classic. Symphonic Progressive. Progressive Fusion. Progressive Electronic. Progressive Metal. Environmental or Atmospheric Progressive. Progressive or Cosmic Space. Progressive Progressive Folk or Folk. Neo Progressive Classic. Neo Progressive. Canterbury. Krautrock. Progressive Rock Andaluz, or Andalucia. Progressive Progressive French and Italian. Likewise, and although musically he can not be considered progressive rock, there are 5 rock movements related to it, a relationship which is given by the complexity, variation, musical construction of his works: Zeuhl RIO (Rock in Opposition). Avant Garde. Experimental Rock and Art Rock. A total of 20 styles, directly or indirectly to progressive rock.